The present invention relates to brick bonds, and more particularly relates to a heat-insulation and water-proofing brick bond which is easy to set up and can effectively protect against heat transmission or water permeation. In conventional roofing construction, roofing cement is polished and coverd with a layer of roofing felt or PU sheet for protection against permeation of water, and then, a brick bond or foamed concrete is set on the top to resist against heat transmission. This conventional roofing construction procedure is complicated and expensive to perform. At the same time, it gives a heavy load to the roof of a building. The present invention is to provide a heat-insulation and water-proofing brick bond for roofing construction, which is easy and inexpensive to install and can effectively protect against heat transmission and water permeation. The present invention is to use binding members to bind up a plurality of rectangular heat-insulation bricks which are longitudinally and latitudinally aligned.
EP1474578B1 – Coupling mat for brick bonds – Google Patents
Flemish bond is a frustrating misnomer because this brick bond is not native to Flanders or even nearby sections of France and Holland. However, it does appear on late medieval buildings in scattered areas of northern and central Europe, particularly Poland. In contrast to English bond, garden wall bond, or even haphazard bonds, which are functional bonds, Flemish bond is a decorative bond, one that lends visual quality to a wall surface.
The discussion below focuses mainly on the use of Flemish bond in Virginia since many well-preserved early examples remain there.
The bonding of brickwork is the arrangement of brickwork by the pattern of headers. (the shorter face of the brick) and stretchers (the longer face of the brick).
Philadelphia is a city rich with architectural history, with many private residences dating back to the colonial era. Due to a stroke of geographical good fortune, the city rested atop a bed of high-quality brick clay just below the surface. Concurrently, concrete blocks were developed. Less expensive to manufacture and construct, concrete blocks quickly began to displace bricks in foundation walls and as backup for wall facings.
Yet despite the loss of brick manufacturing, brick remains an emblematic element of Philadelphia architecture. Generally regarded as the oldest of brick laying styles, the English bond is characterized by alternating courses each horizontal row of bricks is a course of stretchers the long side of the brick and headers the narrow side. In a Flemish bond, headers and stretchers alternate continually within each course.
The Secret Life of Buildings: Common Philadelphia Brick Styles
Over time, architectural ornaments have had a variety of forms that are created from a combination of different types of materials and factors. Shaped bricks in traditional Iranian architecture directly affect the placement, size and brick arrangement rules. The technique of making bricks has, of course, progressed from its first origins some thousands of years ago; however the basic principle of manufacture itself has remained the same to this today.
Geometric analysis of ancient architecture has only been able to reveal some of the forgotten mysteries of the past techniques used. However it can demonstrate the mastery of geometric science. The treatment plans of the monuments that are in need of repair can also benefit from these types of analyses to retrieve the knowledge of the brick bonding used.
The bond is basically the pattern in which bricks were laid. This pattern Unfortunately, dating brickwork by itself isn’t very easy. Bricks tend to.
Bricks are so common that we hardly spare them a glance, but in areas of the country with no suitable local building stone, brick has been the most important durable building material since Roman times. Brick is still favoured as the material of choice for many new-build projects, especially housing developments. Despite being renowned for its durability, problems in brickwork can be very serious.
They are often caused by subsidence, settlement or bowing, but more commonly are the result of poor or incorrect maintenance. Repointing with the wrong type of mortar, inappropriate cleaning by grit blasting or chemicals, or the application of water-repellent coatings, can all cause problems. This article provides an introduction to the repair and maintenance of traditional and historic brickwork, focussing on solid brickwork constructed with soft, porous lime mortars, as found in preth century buildings and structures.
Although many of the issues are common to larger buildings and structures, the emphasis here is on houses. Although brick construction in Britain dates from the Roman period, there is little evidence of significant use of the material after that until the lateth century Little Parnham Castle, Suffolk, for example. Technology probably developed under the influence of the Hanseatic League, trading from the Baltic through ports such as Hull, Kings Lynn and London, and decorative brickwork became briefly fashionable in the Tudor period.
Initially used for large, important structures, brick eventually took over from timber in many parts of England for the construction of ordinary vernacular buildings. However, the material did not become a substitute for stone until much later, when transport links by canal and rail had spread across the country.
English Bond and its Kin
Something, such as a fetter, cord, or band, that binds, ties, or fastens things together. A uniting force or tie; a link: the familial bond. A substance or agent that causes two or more objects or parts to cohere. A systematically overlapping or alternating arrangement of bricks or stones in a wall, designed to increase strength and stability.
Bricks date back to BC, which makes them one of the oldest known building The way in which a brick is laid – the brickwork bond – also strongly.
Flemish checker is the most common form of patterned brickwork. Extant examples of decorative, patterned brickwork occur between North Carolina and Connecticut—with a concentration of houses, built generally by Quakers between and , in southwestern New Jersey. Roots of the practice are in England, specifically Tudor England. A commonality is the use of Flemish diagonal bond—a complex pattern of stretcher courses alternating with courses of one or two stretchers between headers, at various offsets so that, over ten courses, a diamond-shaped or diaper pattern appears.
With a large number of vitrified bricks, it displays a symmetrical pattern of diamonds connected with branching diagonals. The vitrified headers were placed stepwise in a wall of Flemish bond. The mason included the initials of the owners and the date of construction; in the numerals, he turned the headers for additional interest.
Typical Brick Bonds
Families of bricklayers have shaped the landscape of Westchester and the Lower Hudson Valley for more than years. Their mark is all around us — in our homes, music halls, aqueducts and places of worship. In this workshop, participants will learn about the rich history of bricklaying in the region, will explore the structural significance and aesthetic beauty of various brick bond patterns and joints and, with professional guidance from Westchester bricklayers, build a wall by using introductory masonry techniques.
Britain first acquired the skills to manufacture fired clay bricks when large parts of the country became part of the Roman Empire in the 1st century AD. The bricks made by the Romans were generally wider and thinner than those today and were used in various ways, including as lacing courses in walls of rubble stonemasonry and in the construction of supporting pillars for hypocaust heating systems.
When the Romans left Britain in the 5th century, so too did brick-making, until the 12th century. Construction on this began in the 11th century, reusing materials from the Roman British town Verulamium. The earliest known use of brick manufactured in the UK after the Romans left is widely regarded as being Coggeshall Abbey in Essex, the oldest parts of the monastic buildings dating to Beverley North Bar in East Yorkshire is a very good surviving example of medieval English brickwork, construction of which began around The bricks used were thin at 50mm and, as with indigenous bricks of the time, somewhat uneven in shape and size.
This gave the brickwork a distinctive character, with wider mortar joints and uneven bonding. Significant surviving examples of brick buildings from the medieval period include Rye House Gatehouse , built around , and Thornton Abbey , Lincolnshire, built around A decorative feature evident in medieval brickwork that extended into the 17th century was the use of diaper patterns.
This saw saltires and diagonal intersecting lines picked out using well-vitrified or flared headers that were overburnt during firing and presented a grey to blue colour. Both cut and moulded bricks were used in this period to add decorative embellishment. Brick was built with considerable skill and good understanding of the properties of the material, and was used to create vaulting, circular and angled walls as well as arches.
Building history: bricks and mortar
I should note that a previous Classicist Blog essay, posted December 1, , was devoted to Flemish bond. It thus behooves architects and building aficionados to be aware of the full palette of brickwork styles along with their histories and regional variations. English bond was the standard brick bond for English buildings and structures beginning in the late Middle Ages. It continued to be the bond of choice for utilitarian structures and secondary walls from the mid th century on, but was supplanted in the 18 th century by the more decorative Flemish bond for primary elevations.
English bond consists of courses of stretchers sides of bricks alternating with courses of headers ends of bricks throughout a wall surface. Figure 1.
bonding patterns of brickwork; varieties of pointing in dating bricks, particularly those made in the period headers, is structurally the strongest brick bond.
Red Bricks. Buff Bricks. Multi Bricks. Concrete etc. Miniature Brick Building Kits. Grey Blue Bricks.
Bradford unconsidered trifles
After the fire of London in there was a move away from timber framed houses towards non flammable products like brick. Bricks were a popular material in Europe and their style influenced British house design. When the brick tax was repealed in , bricks became the most popular external choice. The colours of the bricks were dependent on the local clay where they were made.
For roofing construction, a heat-insulation and water-proofing brick bond of the type The present invention relates to brick bonds, and more particularly relates to a Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title.
You are in [ Themes ] [Bricks and Tiles]. Most of Hungerford’s buildings are of brick and tile. The earliest bricks are those found in use around 7,BC in Turkey and near Jericho. Baked clay roof tiles are known to have been used in Greece in the 2nd millenium BC. The Romans introduced hard kiln-fired clay bricks all over their empire, and for building in Britain but the Saxons preferred wood for building and brick making died out in Britain. Building with brick was only reintroduced from the Continent after the Norman Conquest and then only with imported bricks, many arriving as ballast in ships returning after transporting English wool to Flanders.
Brick making in England started in the early s.
Flemish Bond: A Hallmark of Traditional Architecture
When we say bricks we are talking about the feeling. Home is a place where we feel warmth and cosy. Therefore the decision of materials which will be presented in home intretior is very important. Through the decades bricks have been presented in interior design.
half-brick Stretcher bond. 3 Use bricks to we refer to Stretcher bond as half-brick walling. Sometimes a junction wall may be added at a later date after the.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Brick Bonds that Built Europe. Jeevan S Panesar. It is interesting, in this lens, to consider where our modern understanding of bricks and bricklaying comes from, as it is less of a straightforward story than many would think. In the Netherlands specifically, apart from small deposits of select materials,2 there is no selection of suitable natural stone for construction purposes Orsel Though, for larger buildings, stone would be imported from surrounding quarries — present-day Belgium, for example — it was the Romans that first developed the use of bricks as a construction material.
Roman fired clay products have even been discovered here in Leiden, Netherlands Orsel The Romans, under Augustus, began to perfect an even older Greek technique of preparing mud bricks, with the most important improvement being the firing of bricks in kilns, thus increasing the speed of producing bricks and consequentially quickening the rate of production Canick , — Thanks to this development, a rapid increase of public buildings began to take place during the first century of the Roman Empire Anderson Jr.
These flat and strong bricks allowed for construction of bricks never before seen in Europe.
US5070669A – Heat-insulation and water-proofing brick bond – Google Patents
Dating buildings is important for survey reports: particularly for conservation appraisals, archaeological assessments, and for predicting age-related latent defects, such as Georgian ‘snapped-header’ walls, inter- wars ‘Regent Street Disease’, or post-war high-alumina cement concrete deterioration1. When a building is original, and typical of its period, its age can usually be judged by its external appearance alone.
Every era has its distinctive architectural styles, ranging from wavy roofs of the s, to bow-backed Georgian terraces of the s.
Brick has been used as a building material across the UK since Roman times. Abbey in Essex, the oldest parts of the monastic buildings dating to a distinctive character, with wider mortar joints and uneven bonding.
Stretcher bond. English bond. English garden wall bond. Flemish bond. Flemish bond with flared headers. Irregular bond; hand-made bricks. Like Like.